If you have been part of the cannabis community for a long time, especially for medicinal purposes, you have probably heard a lot about the therapeutic effects of CBD. CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anxiolytic effects. It can treat chronic pain and inflammation, regulate mood and sleep, relieve nausea and treat seizures and muscle spasms, and these are just a few of its uses.
There are numerous retailers selling CBD tinctures and other products on the open market, but it can be difficult to determine the quality and purity of the product you are buying. Unless you buy from a reputable retailer like Joy Organics (see our CBD Buyer’s Guide to learn what to look for when buying CBD products), it can be difficult to separate the good stuff from the garbage.
You can skip the guesswork by learning the process of making CBD oil at home without special equipment or toxic chemicals. This way, you control every step of the brewing process, from strain selection to choosing the dosage concentration to the extraction itself; you know exactly what you’re getting in the final product, and you can modify the ingredients or methods to suit your specific needs.
It may not sound like it’s too easy, but we promise that you can definitely learn how to make CBD oil! Here, we’ll discuss the science of extracting cannabinoids and show you that making CBD oil at home doesn’t have to be as scary as it sounds.
- How to make CBD oil: First, we need to talk about choosing a source material (i.e. the hemp flower or extract that you will put in the oil). This determines the cannabinoid content of your finished CBD oil (and thus its effects on you). This is especially important when using the method we will explain below, because it is impossible to extract only CBD without also taking in other cannabinoids. This means that if you start with a flower with a high THC content, you will get an oil with a high THC.
There is no way to separate THC from CBD without specialized laboratory equipment. Therefore, depending on the source material, your finished CBD oil may or may not contain THC; it all depends on the cannabinoid content of the source material.
You can definitely use high-quality rich cannabis strains to create hemp oil if you want. THC has various therapeutic benefits that can work together with those of CBD and cause synergistic effects.
If you go this route, we recommend an Indica strain as you will get the benefits of CBD and other beneficial cannabinoid content without experiencing the “high” associated with sativa that can hinder functionality for some users.
This type of CBD oil (sometimes called Rick Simpson Oil or RSO) is ideal for patients suffering from severe chronic pain and various cancers. However, it can cause drowsiness and impairment in high doses, so it may not be suitable for everyone.
If you choose this route, remember that THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the psychoactive “high” effect of marijuana. Industrial hemp plants (from which most standard CBD oil or other CBD products are made) contain less than 0,3% THC and do not produce these psychoactive effects.
If you use a strain high in THC to produce CBD oil, you should not use the oil before operating machinery or driving, and you should exercise caution until you know how the oil will affect you. When taken orally, the effects of cannabis can take up to 90 minutes to appear.
Choosing the best CBD strain for you
So what should you do if you want to enjoy the therapeutic benefits of cannabis without getting high? If you are lucky enough to live in a state where cannabis is legal for you, you can request a strain high in CBD from your budtender at the dispensary; he or she will be happy to point you in the right direction.
However, if you don’t live in a state where you can buy hemp flower from a trusted, licensed professional, Farm Bill qualified hemp flower is legal to buy, but not available over the counter in most places.
You can also use raw CBD oil, such as uncut CO2 oil, instead of flower or bud as starting material (i.e. not yet infused into a carrier oil). Whichever way you choose, the important thing is to choose a strain that will give you the effects you want to achieve, because these effects will be the same as those created by the CBD oil obtained. We prefer to use Canna Comforts’ Lifter strain. If you have the chance, try smoking or vaping a little bit beforehand to get an idea of what the effects will be before committing yourself. Any negative or unwanted effects will subside within an hour or two this way, rather than up to eight hours for cannabinoids taken orally. How to Make CBD Oil at Home: The method we will examine here extracts cannabinoids (henceforth referred to as CBD for convenience) through a simple process that requires little skill and relatively little time. There is another, more complex (and potentially dangerous) method that uses alcohol as a solvent. However, we think this deserves its own article (not for everyone), so we’ll leave it for another time. Here, we will focus on a much more accessible method with fewer safety requirements: Infusing CBD into a carrier oil. The science of the CBD extraction process at home This method works because CBD is soluble with non-polar molecules, i.e. it cannot dissolve in water (a polar molecule), but can dissolve in oils (non-polar) and alcohols (technically a polar molecule in general), But alcohol has a special ability to bind to non-polar molecules in a way that water cannot – polarity is a spectrum, and while water is at one end, alcohol is close enough to the middle to go in both directions). This extraction process takes advantage of the lipid solubility or fat solubility of cannabinoids. How to Make CBD Oil: The Ultimate Guide Step 1: Choosing Your Ingredients To create DIY CBD oil, you should always use a carrier oil as a solvent – we recommend MCT oil or coconut oil for greater bioavailability, but you can use olive oil, hemp seed oil – hey, even butter! Ultimately it all depends on you and how you want to use the final product. Using heat you will extract the CBD into the oil and then strain out the plant material, leaving a CBD-enriched oil. The resulting oil is much easier to work with than the one produced by the alcohol method and there are fewer precautions to take during the preparation process. For this you need: 1 ounce of hemp flowers of your choice, finely ground. We recommend using a grinder, but even pre-chopping the plant with a knife is better than nothing. The smaller pieces you can chop the plant into, the more efficiently the CBD will be extracted. 16 ounces MCT oil, coconut oil or olive oil of your preference. Double boiler or crock pot – the key to this method is to maintain a low, slow and steady temperature, allowing the mixture to cook for several hours on indirect, constant heat without the risk of getting too hot and burning all your labor. Preparation for straining the finished oil. Ingredients – use a mason jar, ceramic or stainless steel bowls and silicone spatulas for convenience and to protect the oil from potentially harmful plastics. Step 2: Decarboxylation Since you have finely ground the plant, the next step is to decarboxylate or “decarboxylate” the hemp flower, which converts CBD into its active form and thus makes it more usable for the body. To clarify, the CBDA (“A” for acidic) found in dried flowers is in inactive form; therefore, it needs to be decarboxylated into its active form, or what we traditionally think of as CBD. This process can be done on a cookie sheet in a 220-225 degrees Fahrenheit (104-107 degrees Celsius) oven for about 60 minutes for maximum conversion. When the time is up, remove the flower from the oven to cool. Step 3: Extraction After decarbonizing the source material, mix the carrier oil and decarbonized flower on top of the double boiler and place it over a pot of boiling (not boiling!) water. The low temperature of most kettles should be enough to make the water bath hot enough to extract the CBD without the risk of burning the oil. You can also use a saucepan as an alternative to a double boiler. 2-3 hours is enough for the CBD to dissolve in the oil; however, it is okay if it takes longer. There is no need to monitor the oil too closely: it will be enough to check or stir it every half hour and watch its color. You will know it is ready when it takes on a deep, earthy brown-green color. When the time is up, strain the oil and flower through cheesecloth to filter out the plant matter (coffee filters work in a pinch), leaving the CBD-rich oil. If using cheesecloth, make sure to squeeze out all the oil you can from the plant bundle. Remove the rest of the source material; its task here is complete. You can then put the homemade CBD oil in a bottle or jar and store it in a cool, dry place away from the sun and other light sources. Homemade CBD oil: what to do with it? Congratulations, you have made your first batch of homemade CBD oil! The resulting homemade CBD oil can be used orally in the form of CBD Oil tinctures or made into CBD capsules or even added to food if the taste alone is not pleasant to you. The oil can also be applied directly to the skin as a topical pain reliever, added to your favorite body care products before application, or incorporated into your diet a few drops at a time. The uses are as varied as the CBD you would buy from a retailer, created exclusively by you, for you. To properly dose homemade CBD oil, you can use a potency calculator for consumption. The most important factor will be the amount of CBD contained in your source material – any reputable supplier will be able to tell you this. Conclusion Although there are several quality CBD oils available for purchase, making your own CBD oil at home using the oil infusion method discussed above is achievable, affordable and low risk. Oil extraction uses indirect, low heat to gradually extract the CBD without any harmful fumes or flammability measures. This is the safest and simplest way to get your hands on homemade CBD oil. So whether you’re looking to address your health concerns or are just interested in making it at home, give it a try and let us know how making your own CBD oil goes! YouTube video: A 3-Step Guide to Making CBD Oil At Home
- Choosing the best CBD strain for you
- How to Make CBD Oil at Home:
- The science of the CBD extraction process at home
- How to Make CBD Oil: The Ultimate Guide
- Step 1: Choosing Your Ingredients
- Step 2: Decarboxylation
- Step 3: Extraction
- Homemade CBD oil: what to do with it?
- YouTube video: A 3-Step Guide to Making CBD Oil At Home